Carbohydrates are transformed into sugars inside of the body as they are metabolized. There are two major classes of carbohydrates. These consist of the simple and complex carbohydrates.
Most simple carbohydrates are engineered by the food industry. The simple carbohydrates include white breads, white rice, cereals, and white flour. None of these are white in nature. In fact, they are like nothing natural in either form or substance. Whenever they enter into a body, they make a transformation into sugars rapidly, which are then burned quickly. This soon after produces excessive hunger, despite their high load of calories. They provide a short burst of energy that is followed by a sugar crash, and possibly even greater hunger than was initially experienced. The aftermath mimics that of white sugar crystals.
Refined (simple) carbohydrates contain almost no nutrition. Modern milling practices result in the removal of the bran, husk, and germ from wheat and rice. This processing renders carbohydrates that are depleted of nutritional value, and it makes them likewise inflammatory. The processing of grains and rice are so extreme that refined carbohydrates get "enriched" with synthetic vitamins, in an attempt to ameliorate the effects of eating foods which have no benefit to the human body. Those who once lived almost exclusively on refined carbohydrates got a condition known as beriberi, which causes difficulty speaking, loss of feeling in the legs, involuntary eye movements, paralysis, and eventually heart failure. Beriberi is the result of a vitamin B-1 (thiamine) deficiency. To prevent this condition, vitamin B-1 is now added to almost all refined flours, and thereby to the junk foods that contain them. Instead of switching to natural ingredients, the chemical industry's solution was more chemistry, of course, in the form of synthetic vitamins. This was a poor stop-gap solution, because their "food" products are still lacking the minerals that would otherwise work synergistically with vitamin B-1 and others. The addition of vitamin B-1 did, however, stop the lawsuits, which was the primary goal.
In contrast, the complex carbohydrates are metabolized slowly. These foods include whole-grain rice, potatoes, and whole-wheat breads. They provide stable energy over an extended period, without inflammation, blood sugar instability, and without producing hunger cravings.
In this era, carbohydrate addictions are normal. This is the legacy of Rome's Empire. Before the rise of the Roman Empire and its innovative milling practices, wheat was barely consumed by humans. It was previously considered to be cattle food. Yet, our modern medical establishment promotes the idea that carbohydrate-based foods, which did not even exist throughout most of human history, are the fundamental part of our diets as the base level of the U.S. Food Pyramid. The modern U.S. Food Pyramid indicates that carbohydrates should be consumed more than any other food group. Carbohydrates are not necessary for health, or anything else for that matter, but complex carbohydrates may be consumed in moderation as part of a balanced diet. Whenever possible, whole grain rice and whole wheat flour products should be chosen, in lieu of the simple carbohydrates.
In our society, people literally crave carbohydrates and experience addiction withdrawals without them, in the form of fatigue, irritability, hunger, loss of energy, confusion, and headaches. People have replaced good nutrition with refined carbohydrates, which subsequently feeds candida yeast living in the intestinal tract to stimulate even more malnutrition. It is easy to understand why the most effective weight loss plans, such as the Atkins' and Paleo diets, feature the limiting of carbohydrates.
We would like to include a special warning about purchasing whole wheat bread for people who are seeking better alternatives, because we have found that the chemical ingredients in commercial whole grain (whole wheat) breads tend to be significantly worse than those of commercial white breads. Therefore, the only reasonably healthy bread is homemade bread, which is preferably whole wheat.